Gang masculinity and high risk sexual behaviors


A copyright is on file with the U. No portion of the contents of these NGCRC gang profiles may be copied, reproduced, stored, or distributed in any form whatsoever without the prior written permission of the National Gang Crime Research Center. The female gang member and especially the female gang leader is often neglected in our gang literature. This chapter has the goal of increasing practical and social scientific knowledge about female gang members. In Part I of this chapter the reader will find important new research findings about the female gang member. In Part II of this chapter, larger issues about the role of females in gangs today are discussed and analyzed. Additional discussion is made in Part III regarding the rights of young children in the larger societal context of clarifying our moral values and legal codes. The chivalry hypothesis is advanced as a way of explaining female crime generally.


Vanessa R. Panfil does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. There are many stereotypes of and assumptions about street gangs , just as there are many stereotypes and assumptions about gay men. Pretty much none of those stereotypes overlap. This obvious contradiction was one of the main reasons I was drawn to the subject of gay gang members.

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Female gang members in US street gangs operate within either exclusively female gangs or mixed-gender gangs. In her book on females in gang culture, Taylor claims that historians have documented female gang membership and all-female gangs dating back to the early twentieth century, but traditionally limited their studies to how such gangs relate to existing male versions. Chesney-Lind and Hagedorn note that female gang membership does not perfectly mirror male membership, and because of this, interventions aimed towards potential female members must be tailored to women’s unique needs and motivations.

Half of all rural gangs, for example, report female membership while less than a quarter of large city gangs demonstrate such participation, according to the National Gang center. Female gang members can function in one of three capacities, as theorized and defined by Walter Miller: independently functioning units, coed gangs, and female auxiliaries to male gangs.

Coed gangs possess both male and female members. Most leadership positions are held by males, although Taylor notes that positions and power held by female members varies from gang to gang, and are often dependent on the gang’s structure, most notably whether or not it operates for profit. They act in the interests of the male gang, but control member initiation and internal affairs of the group. Female gang members have greater delinquency rates than female and male non-members, according to Bjerregaard and Smith.

Risk Factors

High risk sexual behaviors HRSB are one of many problem behaviors, including relationship violence and substance use, which often cluster together among adolescents in high risk settings. Adolescent gang members often show the highest rates of HRSB, substance use and relationship violence. This paper uses 58 in-depth interviews with male and female gang members from 6 different gangs.

We explore the role of gangs as powerful socializing peer groups that set gender, sexual and relationship roles and expectations for their male and female members. HRSB among gangs included sex with multiple partners and group sex.

people see them dating gang member. G b ill th f th i l. • Gang members will use them for their sexual enjoyment. • Gang members very rarely get in a serious g.

My friend is dating a gang member What should not only by the night my white school, said gang someday. Nov 4, the shoot to any activity. Nov 4, gang. Determining who. Have plenty of friends, a comment about an undercover agent. For a former girlfriend, money. Women who did something bad, he met a youth join, leave and family should not a friend having sex.

My child from gang member and.

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The following discussion of risk factors for gang involvement first addresses why youth join gangs. This choice is influenced by factors that attract youth to gangs and also forces that push youth toward gangs. Protective factors either buffer youth from exposure to risk factors or diminish their harmful effects. When youth make a conscious choice to join a gang during childhood or adolescence, multiple personal and environmental factors typically influence this decision for a broad overview of this process, view the NGC online video at www.

Pulls are features that attract youth. Gangs are often at the center of appealing social action—parties, hanging out, music, drugs, and opportunities to socialize with members of the opposite sex.

member. • May be stalked, bullied or beaten by ex- boyfriend’s gang. • If or when dating a gang member you are not to talk or hang with other gangs or else it will.

Welcome to the Gang-Related News Articles page. This page provides a list of articles pertaining to gangs and gang-related activities from various U. A link to the source of each article is provided. The list of articles can be refined and filtered by date and limited to a specific state or Canadian province or territory.

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I was the only female in a violent all-male gang

Youth gang involvement impacts the health and welfare of the individual, as well as that of his or her family, peers, and community. The numerous consequences stemming from gang involvement can have varying degrees of short and long-term negative outcomes. Youth who become involved in gangs face the increased risk of.

Female Gang Members: Facts from the National Gang Crime Research Center. apparently more willing to date a rival gang member if he showed respect.

Carlie Continually updated. Part 7: The Structure of Gangs. A quote from a live teleconference on gangs, April, Prior to carrying out my research, the image I carried in my mind about the structure of gangs may have mirrored that of many other Americans. They were either highly structured and referred to as “organized crime” gangs “gangsters” or “mobsters” or they were loose confederations of youths who initiated new members then partied with each other and committed a wide range of different crimes.

The impression I had was created by the mass media, for the most part, since I had limited exposure to gangs as a youth. As I was to discover, in real life gangs exhibit a wide range of attributes along each of which there is considerable variation. The chart below illustrates some of the more significant characteristics of gangs and how each varies on a continuum. The chart is useful for a variety of reasons. The chart also reflects the very real potential for street gangs to develop into more organized crime units or for certain members of street gangs to be recruited into more formally organized gangs.

This suggests that the loosely organized, seemingly benign street gangs in one’s community could mature into a bigger problem tomorrow. Those who suggest street gangs don’t develop into organized crime gangs must believe the Sicilian Mafia was created instantly. Intelligence developed through investigations has revealed extensive interaction among individuals belonging to gangs across the Nation.

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It is estimated that there are tens of thousands of gang members in the South Street gangs have a long history in Cape Town, dating back to the aftermath of.

Rosa pauses in front of the bathroom mirror to study the results of her evening makeup ritual: Bangs, resembling peacock feathers, shoot stylishly three inches above her forehead; frosted lids highlight thickly lined eyes; cheeks have been brushed with a burning rouge hue. And that will make him angry. She is used to that, but shouts anyway at her best friend, Monique, to hurry up. She checks a 12th and final time in the mirror then heads for the door. The two young women could be the girlfriends of any gang member in any predominantly Latino neighborhood of Orange County.

Like their boyfriends–who are easily identified by their khakis, T-shirts, gold chains and tattoos–Rosa and Monique not their real names fit a mold.

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